Sri Lanka



Sri Lanka, officially Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, formerly Ceylon, island republic in the Indian Ocean off the south-eastern coast of India. Sri Lanka is separated from India by the Palk Strait and Gulf of Mannar. Lying between the two nations is a chain of tiny islands known as Adam’s Bridge. Sri Lanka is somewhat pear-shaped, with its apex in the north. The greatest length from north to south is about 440 km (273 mi); the greatest width is about 220 km (137 mi). The total area of Sri Lanka is 65,610 sq km (25,332 sq mi). The capital of Sri Lanka is the ancient city of Sri Jayavardhanapura-Kotte; Colombo is the largest city.

Old Sri Lanka Flag [1948]




Sri Lanka National Flag




Features of Sri Lanka National Flag and their meaning

The four Bo leaves at the four corners of the flag;
Compassion, kindness, joy in others prosperity and equanimity, which are the highest standards of harmonious living.

The lion holding a sword upright by its right paw;
Justice, righteousness, heroism, strength and the discipline of the nation

Lion’s eye;
Vigilance on the rulers’ performance

Lion’s tongue;
Rulers’ statements should be honest and truthful

Lion’s head and tail;
Equality between ruler and citizens

Lion’s hairy body;
Strength

Sword;
Indication that the country should be ruled righteously, meting out justice to all

Lion in yellow;
Righteousness and peaceful way of life

Crimson background;
Immortality and the defeating of the evil forces of oppression

Yellow border round the flag and the maroon background;
Represents the Sinhalese community

Two vertical stripes of saffron and green of equal size;
Tamil and Muslim communities respectively